A credit report is a document put together by credit bureaus and it details how you have used credit over the years. Your credit report shows your:
- Personal information including your name and address (current and previous)
- Employment: current and previous
- Open and closed credit/loan accounts, account payment history, all outstanding balances
- Credit inquiries
- Collections, bankruptcies, lawsuits, foreclosures, if any
Essentially, it shows your financial history, how you have used credit in the past, and how you are currently managing your debts. Lenders report all this information to the credit bureaus and they update your credit report on a regular basis.
When you want to open a new credit facility e.g. personal loan, credit card or mortgage, the lender pulls your credit report and score to assess your creditworthiness i.e. how risky is it to do business with you and what are the chances you will default and be unable to pay them back.
What is a Good Credit Score in Canada?
A credit score is the summary of your credit report using a 3-digit number. You can say a credit score is a snapshot of your creditworthiness and is calculated using various formulas.
Credit scores range from Poor (300-559) to Very Good (725-759) and Excellent (760-900). When you have a Very Good to Excellent credit score, you qualify for better interest rates and offers.
Why Your Credit Report and Credit Score Are Important
There are many good reasons for why you should ensure your credit report and score are in good standing:
- If you become a victim of identity theft or fraud, your credit report is one place to detect it. Identity/credit fraud can get you into lots of trouble, including loss of money and a tainted reputation.
- Your credit report/score will affect your ability to secure a loan, mortgage, credit card, etc.
- Your credit report/score can significantly affect your day-to-day living, including your eligibility for a job, rental, cell phone contract, etc.
- Financial institutions and credit bureaus are prone to making mistakes and your credit rating can become damaged through no fault of your own.
To avoid any of these problems, it’s important you look through your credit report one to two times a year as well as monitor your credit score for any red flags or fraudulent activity.
How To Get Your Free Credit Report in Canada
In Canada, you are entitled to one free credit report per year from each of the credit bureaus. The major credit bureaus in Canada are TransUnion and Equifax. This free credit report may also be referred to as “Consumer Disclosure” or “Credit File Disclosure,” and does not show your credit score.
TransUnion now offers four ways to request your credit report:
- Online: This is a quick and easy way to view your credit report online. I was able to view mine in less than 5 minutes!
- Mail: Download their Consumer Request form, complete it and mail to – TransUnion Consumer Relations Centre, PO Box 338 LCD1, Hamilton, Ontario L8L 7W2.
- In Person: Visit one of their offices to request your free report. For both mail and in-person requests, you will need 2 pieces of ID.
- Phone: Request your credit report by calling 1 (800) 663-9980.
There are 3 ways to request your credit report from Equifax:
- Mail/Fax: Download and complete their Request Form and mail to – National Consumer Relations, Box 190 Jean Talon Station, Montreal, Quebec H1S 2Z2, or fax the completed form to (514) 355-8502.
- Phone: Call their automated interactive system at 1-800-465-7166. You will need your SIN.
- In Person: Visit one of their offices and request a free copy of your credit report. You will need 2 forms of valid ID for both in-person and mail requests.
**You can also get your free credit report via Borrowell – more details below.
How To Get Your Free Credit Score in Canada
The credit report provided by TransUnion and Equifax does not contain your credit score. They want you to pay $$ for that. Here are four companies that will provide your credit score for free:
1. Borrowell: Sign up to see your credit score (Equifax) and get monthly updates. They will also show you your credit report.
3. Mogo: Get monthly updates on your credit score (Equifax). Not available in Quebec.
4. Ratehub: You can obtain a one-time free Equifax credit score.
Having access to monthly credit score updates (+ report) is great for monitoring and detecting any errors or fraudulent activity. If you prefer a daily credit monitoring service (paid) that alerts you to key changes on your account, you can check out TransUnion’s credit monitoring service.
Bonus: Residents of the U.S. can obtain their FREE credit score from Credit Sesame here!
Will Checking Your Credit Score Affect It?
There are 2 main types of checks (inquiries) that can occur when lenders pull your credit: “soft check” and “hard check.”
A hard check is made by lenders who want to get a full idea of your creditworthiness in order to approve or disapprove your application for credit. Hard checks impact your credit score negatively.
Soft checks occur when a lender pulls your credit just to get a background on you. For instance, during a mortgage pre-approval, or if your bank wants to pre-approve you for a credit card offer. Checking your own credit score is also considered a soft check, and it does not impact your score.